Health & Wellness, Health Conditions, Important Facts

Muscles & 9 Related Issues

9 Muscles Related Issues

A piece of soft tissues in the human body is called muscles. They playing a vital role in the body. These muscles will help to hold the whole body while doing running exercise or some other activities. They also provide support to the organs. Human being heart is also a non-stop hard working muscle that beats several thousands of times in a day.

How many are they in the human body?

In the human body having more than 600 muscles located from top to bottom of the body. 

Many people think when picturing muscles may be the biceps in the upper arms or the quads in the thighs, but they provide support for every part of the body. Most people will not notice all of them in the body.

Functions of muscles

The Function is very important to keep the body movement very well. The functions are two types based on movements. 

  1. Voluntary movements
  2. Involuntary movements

Voluntary movements: Voluntary movements are actions the human body controls. People can choose to perform an action and muscles move the body to make it happen. People can use the nervous system to control these movements. Examples of voluntary movement are : People using their thumb to scroll through this article on smartphones and sprinting around a track. 

Involuntary movements: Involuntary movements happen without giving any control or thinking about them, this movement is action based on automatically. The muscles in and around people’s organs move involuntarily to keep their body working properly. In the body, heart beating and muscles in the chest and back moving their ribs when they breathe are examples of involuntary movements.

Muscles use a combination of voluntary and involuntary movements to work with nearly all the body’s systems and functions. Different kinds help with:

  • Vision.
  • Hearing.
  • Breathing, speaking and swallowing.
  • Digesting food
  • Getting rid of waste (peeing and pooping).
  • Moving, sitting and standing up straight.
  • Pumping blood through the heart and blood vessels.
  • Giving birth.
  • They also store and release energy the body uses as part of metabolism.

Types of muscles?

Muscles are different types based on the tissue type. There are three types of muscle tissue in the human body. They are

  • Skeletal.
  • Cardiac.
  • Smooth.
Skeletal muscles

Skeletal muscles are part of the body musculoskeletal system. This muscle works with bones, tendons and ligaments to support the body weight and move. Tendons connect with skeletal muscles to bones all over the body.

Skeletal muscles are voluntary movement types — they move when people think about moving that part of their body. Some muscle fibers contract faster and use short bursts of energy. Others move slowly, like your back muscles that help with posture.

Cardiac muscle

Cardiac muscle makes up the middle layers of the heart; This Cardiac muscle supports squeezes and relaxes to pump blood through the cardiovascular system. The heart muscle pumping action comes under the involuntary movements, because the heart beats on its own without people giving any input. 

Smooth muscles

Smooth muscles come under the involuntary movements that line the inside of some organs. They do the most essential action like moving waste through the intestines and helping lungs expand when people breathe.

Smooth muscles play a mandatory role in the body such as…

  • Female reproductive system 
  • Male reproductive system.
  • Urinary system.
  • Respiratory system.
  • Digestive system.

What are common muscle injuries?

One of the most common muscle injuries is Muscle strains. This issue happens when people are using their muscles for long duration or over use in a short period of time. Some other health issues also affect health conditions they are…

How do people treat muscle issues?

The issue is treated based on the health condition or having injury in the body. Because many of them don’t have proper ideas about the treatment for muscle issues. Certain conditions that affect people’s muscles will cause short-term issues. Some Other chronic conditions will cause long term issues, so people should know about the symptoms and methods to overcome them in a better way. 

People can manage several muscle injuries at home by following simple methods mentioned below. They are…

  • Rest: People should avoid or skip the activity that caused the muscle injury. Better to skip the actions of the injured part of the body while it heals.
  • Ice: People can use the ice as a cold compress to the injury area for more than 15 minutes at a time. Please repeat this process a few times a day. Always Wrap ice packs in a towel or thin cloth, before going to apply on the body. This method will help to avoid skin issues, because ice will not directly touch the skin.
  • Compression: People can wrap an elastic bandage around  the injured muscle area, this action will help to reduce swelling. Health care providers can show : How to apply a compression wrap safely in the injured area?.
  • Self Care: Before going to start any workouts or physical activities just simply doing stretching and warming up will help to prevent muscle injuries.  Improving overall flexibility will also protect the muscles from severe injuries. Regularly doing this action will make the body more flexible and muscle fibers have to stretch before they begin to tear. People should always do this activity regularly and also Increase their activity level gradually. Never increasing the simple activity suddenly, this will increase the chance of muscle injuries.