Enlarged Prostate- Symptoms, Reason and Treatments

Enlarged Prostate

In the men’s body, the prostate is playing an important role during sexual intercourse time. The good healthy prostate is supported to improve men’s sexual intercourse performance. But sometimes the prostate is affected due to several reasons, this will directly affect men intercourse performance. In this article we will see in detail about the function of the prostate, the reason for the prostate problem, warning signs and treatment for enlarged prostate. 

What is Prostate?

In the male body, the prostate is a part of the reproductive system. The male reproductive system also has a penis, seminal vesicles, and testicles. It is positioned below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate is just like a walnut and surrounds the urethra. The weight of the prostate is around 30 grams. While touching the prostate, It is very soft and smooth.

Structure of the prostate

Prostate has four zones that surround the urethra like layers of an onion.

  • Anterior zone: In this zone, made of muscle and fibrous tissues.
  • Peripheral zone: In this zone, mostly situated toward the back of the gland. 
  • Central zone: In this zone surrounds the ejaculatory ducts. This makes up around 25 percent of the prostate’s total mass.
  • Transition zone: In this zone of the prostate that surrounds the urethra. This zone of the prostate that continues to grow lifetime.

Function of Prostate

Men can live a healthy life without needing the functioning prostate; At the same men should need this prostate for fertility. Prostate doing its excellent function for fertility. 

1.Supports to semen production

The main function of the prostate is to provide prostatic fluid to semen. The prostate provides upto 30 percent of fluid to the total volume of semen. 

Prostatic fluid contains components( enzymes, zinc, and citric acid) that make semen an ideal substance for sperm cells to live.

Prostatic fluid helps the sperm travel down the urethra and reach the egg in women’s reproductive organs. This action is very important for reproduction.

2.Closing the urethra during semen ejaculation

During sexual intercourse men can ejaculate semens into women’s reproductive organs. During the action of semen ejaculation, the prostate contracts and it closes the way between the bladder and urethra, moving semen through at speed. This action is important to avoid urinating and semens ejaculating parallel.

3.Hormone metabolism

The prostate is playing an important role in the hormone metabolism and also providing its contribution for sex characteristics and hair growth in the male body.

Common symptoms of Enlarged prostate

  • Frequent or urgent need to pee, also called urination.
  • Peeing more often at night.
  • Trouble starting to pee.
  • Weak urine stream.
  • Dribbling at the end of urination.
  • Unable to fully empty the bladder.
  • Blood in the urine.

Reason for Enlarged prostate

  • Family history – Men should check about their family history, because an enlarged prostate problem enters into a man’s life due to inheritance. Example In a family, father having this issue, then son having more chance to facing this issue in the future. 
  • Diabetes and heart disease –  Diabetes and heart problem increasing the chance of enlarged prostate problem.
  • Obesity – Obesity problem will encourage enlarged prostate problem.
  • Lifestyle – Living a bad lifestyle will increase several health issues including enlarged prostate problems. 
  • Aging – This is a rare reason for enlarged prostate problem. Increasing ages will also make a high chance for enlarged prostate problems. Most of the time this issue will arise after the age of  40 and above. 

Treatment for enlarged Prostate

The treatment for enlarged prostate is based on the symptoms and how much they bother men’s health condition. 

Men can do the treatment in the methods of “watchful waiting,” change the living lifestyle, using medicine products and doing surgery.

Saw Palmetto 

During ancient times several herbs were tried for treating an enlarged prostate problem. Nowadays also several men are using saw palmetto to ease symptoms of enlarged prostate problems. Several health studies reveal saw palmetto providing some positive results in the enlarged prostate issue, but few health results are mixed, and still more research is needed to come to the conclusion. Men can use this saw palmetto herb for mild symptoms of enlarged prostate problem. 


Prostate surgery is recommended for men who have high symptoms such as. 

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP): 

One of the most common and highly proven surgical treatments for the enlarged prostate is transurethral resection of the prostate(TURP). This surgery is performed by inserting a scope through the male reproductive organ penis and eliminating the prostate piece by piece.

Simple prostatectomy 

This type of treatment is mostly done, when the men have very large prostate glands. Procedure for the surgery is to eliminate the inside part of the prostate gland. This action is done through a surgical cut in men’s lower belly. 

Laser Treatment

Using heat or a laser to destroy prostate tissue, but it is not showing results like Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP); because men who receive these types of surgery procedures are more likely to need surgery again 10 years later. So, young men can choose the heat or laser treatment. 

Older men with severe medical conditions such as diabetes, cirrhosis, alcoholism, psychosis, lung problem, kidney problem, or heart disease can choose Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) surgery treatment.

Some prevention Tips for Enlarged Prostate

  • Men should urinate when he first get the urge; also, go to the bathroom on time.
  • Better to quit drinking alcohol and caffeine, especially after finishing dinner.
  • Men should always drink less amount of water, especially in the evening time. Men should also avoid drinking water within 2 hours of bedtime.
  • Doing simple exercise regularly helps to keep the body active and strong. 
  • Reducing stress, depression and anxiety will help to reduce the enlarged prostate problem.

The above mentioned simple prevention tips, only applicable for the mild symptoms for enlarged prostate. 

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