Nose is an important organ in the human body, it is an external organ that helps to inhale air from the outer surface of the body. It is a gateway to allow air to the inside of the body. Nose is a hangout part of the human face. People should know about the interesting facts about the nose.
The first and foremost organ in the respiratory system is the nose. It is playing a vital role to keep the body active and healthy.
Structure of Nose
Nose is formed with both internal parts and external parts. It contains Bone, Lateral walls, Nasal cavities, Nerve cells, Nostrils, Septum, Sinuses, Turbinates, Hair and cilia.
- Bone: The top of the nose is made of bone, this bone is hard.
- Hair and cilia: Hair and cilia (very little hairlike structures) inside the nose stop or filter dirt and particles. Then they eliminate those dirt and particles toward nostrils, where they can be sneezed out or wiped away.
- Lateral walls (outer walls): The outer walls are made of cartilage and conceal in skin. The walls form your nasal cavities and your nostrils.
- Nasal cavities: Human nose has two nasal cavities, hollow spaces where air flows in and out ; They are marked with mucous membranes.
- Nerve cells: These cells are very efficient to communicate with the brain to provide a sense of smell.
- Nostrils (nares): These are the opening gateways to the nasal cavities that are on the face.
- Septum: The septum is made of bone and firm cartilage. It runs down the center of the nose and divides the both nasal cavities.
- Sinuses: There are four pairs of sinuses. These air-filled pockets are linked to nasal cavities. They mainly produce the mucus that keeps the nose moist and try to avoid the dry condition.
- Turbinates (conchae): Totally three pairs of turbinates placed along the sides of both nasal cavities. These folds inside the nose support warm and moisten air after humans breathe it in and support with nasal drainage.
Shape of Nose
People have some different types of shapes, but each person has a unique nose shape. Some common types of shape include:
- Hawk Nose
- Aquiline Nose.
Function of Nose
Nose performs many important bodily functions in the human body: Such as
- Allows the fresh air from the outer surface to enter the body.
- Contributes to the people how they look and how they sound when they speak with other people.
- Filters and cleans air to eliminate particles and allergens.
- Provides a sense of smell while smelling flowers, perfumes, foods etc.
- Warms and moistens air so it can travel comfortably into the respiratory system.
- A person’s nose is also a prominent aspect of his/her facial appearance and sense of well-being.
Amazing Facts about Nose
Babies breathe differently
Newborn babies have the ability to breathe through their nose and suckle at the same time without any disturbance.
Nose is protecting lungs
Nose and lungs are playing an important role in the respiratory system. People should thank their nose everyday for filtering pollution, allergens, and microbes from entering into lungs.
Cilia, the hair-like projections that line the nostrils are the workers that catch all the irritants in the mucus produced.
Dictionary of scents
Human beings have over 400 scent receptors in the nose. This allows us to realize over 10,000 different scents. Human being brain is also capable of connecting scents with emotions and some sweet and bad memories. More than 99 percent of people thinking, we smell with our nose, but the fact is we all actually smell with the brain. Yes, our nose just collects the signal and sends it to the brain. Maybe this fact is weird but it’s true.
Human nose stops growing between the ages of 15 to 19. However, as age goes the human nose will get bigger and bigger as they get older, though technically, it’s not growing.
Sense of smell reduce with age
Human beings lose up to 50% of their smelling ability by the age of 60. This could explain why old age people tend to taste ordinary food – they can’t taste it anyway!
Human nose looks so cute and might be lovely on the outside, but many of them don’t know what goes on inside and it sure ain’t pretty. Everyday it produces up to 1 quart of mucus. White blood cells and enzymes are present in the mucus. When a person swallows mucus; The acid present in our stomachs managed the excess mucus !.
How can people keep their nose healthy?
- Better to avoid smoking or breathing in secondhand smoke.
- Never remove nose hairs, or do it carefully, because they act as filters to trap dirt and debris.
- Drink plenty of water during the day.
- Always keep the home clean to reduce the amount of dust and other allergens may breathe in. Clean and wash the bedsheets to remove dust.
- Use a humidifier at home to keep the air moist.
- Whenever people travel from home to outside, please wear a mask. It will help to keep the nose clean and helps to protect people from various viral infections.
When people are facing some symptoms, immediately seeking healthcare help is good for the body’s health.
- Frequent nosebleeds.
- Fever higher than 103°F.
- Yellow or green discharge.
- Sinus pain.